来源:杭州家教网 日期:2019/12/20


1. Only then _____ how much damage had been caused.

A. she realized B. She had realized C. had she realized D. did she realize

2. Allen had to call a taxi because the box was _____ to carry all the way home.

A. much too heavy B. too much heavy C. heavy too much D. too heavy much

3. The manager had fallen asleep where he _____, without undressing.

A. was laying B. was lying C. had laid D. had lied

4. —_____ for the glass! —It’s OK. I’m wearing shoes.

A. Look out B. Walk out C. Go out D. Set out

5. Near the table _____ a poor dog, who desired to satisfy his hunger with _____ fell from the table.

A. laid, something B. lay, that C. laid, that D. lay, what

6. You can’t imagine the difficulty _____ the problem.

A. that he had to work out B. he had in working out

C. that he found to work out D. he worked out

7. _____ more and more forests destroyed, some animals are facing the danger of dying out.

A. As B. By C. For D. With

8. _____ the company at such an evening party, he has been choosing a suit which will _____ him best.

A. Representing, agree B. Represented, fit

C. Represent, match D. To represent, suit

9. He seems to _____ Jane. He knows her so well.

A. introduce to B. be introducing

C. be introduced to D. have been introduced to

10. Several weeks after the accident, the patient was able to carry out _____ seemed to be a normal talk.

A. what B. which C. when D. where

11. —Jenny, I think I’ll just have some coffee for a change.

—_____. The coffee I bought yesterday is in the cupboard.

A. Change it, please B. Never mind C. With pleasure D. Help yourself

12. You will never avoid _____ breaking the law.

A. to be punished for B. being punished for C. to be punished with D. being punished by

13. The _____ on his face told me that he was angry.

A. impression B. sight C. appearance D. expression

14. I can’t stand _____ with Jane in the same office. She just refuses _____ talking while she works.

A. working, stopping B. to work, stopping C. working, to stop D. to work, to stop

15. The wild flowers looked like a soft orange blanket _____ the desert.

A. covering B. covered C. cover D. to cover

16. In some regions, people wear different kinds of protective hats _____ the seasons. They may wear a wool hat in winter, a rain hat in spring or fall and wide-edged hat in summer.

A. leading to B. agreeing with C. relating to D. depending on

17. It was not only you who made so many mistakes. I made just _____.

A. many B. so many C. as many D. much more

18. It is _____ work of art that all of us like it.

A. such good B. so good C. such a good D. so a good

19. Many students signed up for the _____ race in the sports meeting to be held next week.

A. 800-metre-long B. 800-metres-long C. 800 metre length D. 800 metres length

20. Computers now can do most of the things people can do, but they can’t completely _____ humans.

A. take place B. take a place of C. take place of D. take the place of

21. The woman hurried out in search of her lost son, _____ her little daughter alone at home.

A. left B. to leave C. leave D. leaving

22. Being nearsighted is a _____ problem among middle school students nowadays.

A. average B. usual C. common D. normal

23. Your furniture looks nice, but you _____ too much for it.

A. offer B. charge C. sell D. cost

24. School children must be taught how to deal with dangerous _____.

A. states B. conditions C. situations D. positions

25. Don’t take it for granted that _____ your parents have is yours.

A. no matter B. no matter what C. whichever D. whatever

26. It has been announced that candidates _____ remain in their seats until all the papers have been collected.

A. can B. will C. may D. shall

27. The plan we had hoped to see _____ was cancelled (取消).

    A. carry out B. to carry on C. carried out D. carry on

28. Since the mid-1980s growing numbers of Asian have settled in New Zealand, and they _____ about 60% of the total population.

A. take up B. pick up C. make up D. hold up

29. When his parents were against his marriage, he _____ them with death.

A. threatened B. warned C. reminded D. persuaded

30. When the telephone rang, he just _____ and went to sleep again.

A. turned off B. turned up C. turned down D. turned over


    People who speak or perform before the public sometimes may suffer from “Stage Fright”. Stage fright makes a person 31. In the worst case it can make a person 32 what he/she ought to 33, or to act. Actors, musicians, dancers, lawyers, 34 radio show hosts(主持人)have suffered from stage fright at one time or 35.

    Diana Nichols is an expert in helping people 36 from stage fright at a medical center in New York City. She helps actors learn to 37 themselves. Miss Nichols says some people have always been afraid to perform before the audience. 38, she says, develop stage fright after a fearful experience.

She offers them 39 to control the fear. One effective way is to smile before going onto the 40. Taking a deep breath is 41 helpful. Deep breathing helps you get control of your body.

Miss Nichols persuades her 42 to tell themselves that their speech or 43 does not have to be perfect. It’s 44 to make a mistake. She tells them they 45 not be too cautious while they are performing. It is important that they should 46 to perform while she is helping them. After each performance, they discuss what happened and find out what advice helped and what did not. 47 they perform more and more, they will fear less and less. Miss Nichols says the 48 is only to reduce stage fright, not to 49 it completely. This is because a little stage fright makes a person careful, and thus 50 the performance.

31. A. excited B. tired C. nervous D. worried

32. A. remember B. forget C. repeat D. know

33. A. speak B. talk C. say D. sing

34. A. even B. still C. like D. only

35. A. the other B. another C. other D. others

36. A. learn B. prevent C. leave D. free

37. A. enjoy B. control C. devote D. frighten

38. A. Nobody B. Everybody C. Others D. Experts

39. A. medicine B. jobs C. words D. ways

40. A. play B. film C. stage D. street

41. A. seldom B. never C. always D. also

42. A. patients B. musicians C. dancers D. lawyers

43. A. performance B. experience     C. stage D. fear

44. A. wrong B. good C. all right D. impossible

45. A. could B. must C. should D. would

46. A. stop B. continue C. refuse D. like

47. A. When B. Since C. As D. While

48. A. aim B. result C. speech D. way

49. A. add up to B. suffer from     C. put up with D. get rid of

50. A. destroys B. improves C. forgets D. develop



    Britain has laws to make sure that women have the same opportunities(机会) as men in education, jobs and training. But, it’s still unusual to find women doing dirty or heavy jobs.

    Nikki Henriques is a car maintainer. She said, “I wanted to use my hands, and I like learning about how things work. Many people prefer to have a woman repair their cars, too.”

    Nikki didn’t find it easy to become a car maintenance engineer. She went to a Government Skill Center—a special sort of college where people can learn a new job—for twenty weeks. “For ten weeks I was the only woman among four hundred men, and some of them were rude to me, just because of my sex. It was also very tiring—from 8 in the morning to 5 in the afternoon, with only 30 minutes for lunch.”

Now Nikki works free-lance, that is, she’s self-employed, working for herself and not for a garage or a company.  

Rose, who is a general builder in Sheffield, an industrial town in the north of England. Like Nikki, Rose used to be a secretary. “I didn’t enjoy it at all,” she said. “I wanted to do more practical work, and I wanted to be self-employed.”

    Rose joined a women’s building co-operative, and she learnt her job from other people and from experience. However, many of the women in her group have been specially trained. Most of the jobs they do are improvements to buildings and general repairs.

    “People often say, ‘Oh, women aren’t strong enough.’ but I don’t think strength is important,” said Rose. “The important thing is to get used to doing a different sort of work.”

    Rose would like more women to come into the building industry. “Everything built at the moment is a product of man’s world. If' women become builders, they will be able to understand the production of their houses and their towns.”

51. There are laws in Britain to help woman _____.

    A. get higher pay than men     B. enjoy more freedom than men

C. do whatever they like to do    

D. have equal chances as men in education and work

52. The job of a car maintenance engineer is to _____.

    A. manufacture cars B. repair cars     C. keep cars for others D. sell cars

53. According to Rose, a woman wishing to be a general builder _____.

A. must be specialty trained    

B. should be strong enough

    C. can learn her job either from others or by experience

    D. must get used to doing a different sort of work

54. Why does Rose want more women to become builders?

   A. Because she believes women are as strong as men.

    B. Because she wants to compete with men,

    C. Because she thinks women can learn more from practical work.

    D. Because she considers, in that way, women can understand how the houses and towns are built.


My Thoughts on Music

    Music…. There is truly nothing else like it in this world. It is one of the greatest gifts God has given us. Growing up, I was very poor and I remember how I always felt so blessed that God gave us music…that it was this beautiful gift that was completely free. My family sometimes went without electricity or water and I member thinking that it was no big deal because I still had my music…and it couldn’t be taken away from me.

    The Bible teaches that the soul is always wanting to e released from the body. I believe that music is as close as the soul can come to being set free without the body actually dying. That may seem like a strange statement but there is something so unexplainable that happens inside when you sing or play a phrase or song and you put our whole heart into it and block everything else out. It’s he most spiritual feeling I have ever felt and I feel like God is standing right by me when it happens. It’s a complete release.

    I believe that everyone has a song in their heart. Some people just refuse to listen. Others acknowledge it but they don’t allow themselves to feel its power. They feel like it makes them weak when it actually makes a person stronger. What can possibly be bad about any feeling created by a song that moves a person to tears… or laughter…or joy? Life is too short to be so cautious.

    As for my own musical talent, I am thankful. I may never get the chance to stand on a stage and sing to hundreds or thousands but I have been able to sing to many audiences. I’m thankful that I can sit and play guitar/piano and sing to myself and to God. I still have hopes and dreams of recording my own CD and/or being part of something much bigger than anything I could ever do on my own. So these are my thoughts on music tonight. Ask me tomorrow and I’m sure I would come up with something completely different.

55. What’s kind of thing completely free given to us according to the author?

    A. Water. B. Electricity.       C. Music. D. The soul.

56. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

    A. The author thinks most of us have a same song in our heart.

    B. Life is so short that we must be cautious about anything.

    C .The author shows much interest in music.

    D. The author has recorded his own CDs.

57. What’s the function of a good song in one’s heart?

    A. It makes him weak. B .It can make him become stronger than before.

    C. It can possibly be bad about any feeling.     D. It can make life too short to a person.

58. From the passage, we can infer that the author has a(n) _____ attitude towards life.

A. active B. passive C. negative D. cautious


Getting to Know Ingrid Bergman

Ingrid Bergman was born in 1915 and died in 1982. Her main films are Casablanca [1942], Gaslight [1944], Voyage in Italy [1953], Elena and Her Men [1956], Murder on the Orient Express [1956]. Her Oscar dish: seven nominations(提名); three wins, one of which is Murder on the Orient Express.

Tall, athletic, strong-willed, she had the least neurotic(神经质的)character of any movie star although she was able to display a vulnerability no other actress had yet been able to match onscreen. She hated make-up, and she didn’t pluck(修)her eyebrows, no matter how David Selznick who imported her to Hollywood from Sweden laughed at her. Such qualities were important to the roles she played.

Living as she wished to caused her great trouble in the land of the puritans(清教徒)after she left her husband Peter Lindstorm for director Roberto Rossellini, who directed some of her most complex performances in strangely powerful films such as Voyage in Italy and Murder on the Orient Express. She was blamed for immorality on the floor of the US Senate. Looking after her new children, she didn’t seem thoroughly worried. As we said, she was not neurotic.

59. Who was Ingrid Bergman’s second husband?

    A. David Selznick. B. Sweden.     C. Peter Lindstorm. D. Roberto Rossellini.

60. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?

    A. Ingrid Bergman put on make-up most of the time.

    B. Ingrid Bergman could only display the feelings which other actresses were able to match onscreen.

    C. Ingrid Bergman didn’t put on make-up, even though others laughed at her.

    D. The movie Murder on the Orient Express was Ingrid’s only film which won the Oscar Prize.

61. What does the 'underlined word “vulnerability” in Para 2 probably mean?

    A. A person’s feelings easily hurt. B. A place not well protected.

    C. A thing easily attacked       D. A person’s character.

62. This passage most probably appears in _____.

A. an advertisement B. a magazine on film stars

C. a textbook D. a notice


Earth Week A Diary of the Planet Enduring Storms

    Several more rounds of severe storms, tornadoes(龙卷风)and flash floods(暴洪)struck many pasts of the American Midwest and Northeast as bad weather continued across the US for a second month.


    A southwest monsoon has caused widespread damage in parts of Sri Lanka. Government meteorologists(气象学家)said that unexpected monsoon blew directly across the country from the Southern Hemisphere at about 100 km/h, producing several rounds of storm weather. Nearly 250 houses in the capital Colombo were damaged.

Mt. Etna Erupts

    Sicily’s Mount Etna volcano erupted shortly after midnight on July 1, shooting “bombs” of lava (熔岩)nearly 1.5 meters in diameter on the eastern side of the mountain. The 30-minute eruption could be seen for several miles, but did not threaten any nearby village.


    Hurricane Blas lost strength as it moved over cooler waters in the Pacific Ocean to the west of Mexico. Blas formed off' southwest Mexico during the previous week, but squalls(暴风)on the outer fingers of the storms lashed western Michoacan State, killing four people when their wood and cardboard hone collapsed.

Monkey Repellent

    After years of unsuccessful attempts to keep crop eating monkeys out of Japanese fields, a Tokyo research team believes that it may have finally found a way to prevent the damage caused by the monkeys. Animal raids(袭击)on crops were successfully prevented by shooting chilly(辣椒)powder into the air, irritating(刺激)the eves and noses of monkeys that passed in front of carefully placed warning sensors. “We’ve tried all kinds of preventive measures, but the monkeys are smart enough to outwit the tricks.” said Toshiaki Wads, director of the Tokyo Forestry Experiment Station in western Tokyo.

63. Which of the four events have nothing to do with weather?

A. Hurricane and Mt. Etna Erupts. B. Monsoon Storms and Monkey Repellent.

    C. Mt. Etna Erupts and Monkey Repellent. D. Enduring Storms and Mt. Etna Erupts.

64. Which of the four caused the worst house damage?

A. Monsoon Storms in Sri Lanka    

B. Enduring Storms in the American Midwest and Northeast.

    C. Mt. Etna Erupts in Italy.

    D. Hurricane in Miehoacan State.

65. From the passage we can learn that people have failed in preventing the damage caused by _____.

    A. volcano eruption B. tornadoes C. animals D. hurricane

66. In the passage, which preventive measure is the most funny?

    A. The measure to protect houses. B. The measure to protect villages.

   C. The measure to protect crops. D. The measure to protect monkeys.


    Email has brought the art of letter writing back to life, but some experts think the resulting spread of bad English does more harm than good.

    Email is a form of communication that is changing, for the worse, the way we write and use language, say some communication researchers. It is also changing the way we interact and build relationship. These are a few of the recently recognized features of email, say experts, which should cause individual and organizations to rethink the way they use email.

    “Email has increased the spread of careless writing habits,” says Naomi Baron, a professor of linguistics at American University. She says the poor spelling, grammar, punctuation and sentence structure of emails reflect a growing unconcern to the way we write.

    Baron argues that we shouldn’t forgive and forget the poor writing often shown in emails. “The more we use email and its tasteless writing, the more it becomes the normal way of writing,” the professor says.

    Others say that despite its poor prose(文字), email has finished what several generations of English teachers couldn’t: It has made writing fashionable again.

    “Email is a critical new communication technology,” says Lancashire, a University of Toronto professor of English. “It fills the gap between spoken language and the formal methods of writing that existed before email. It is the purest form of written speech.”

    Lancashire says email has the mysterious ability to get people who are usually scared by writing to get their thoughts flowing easily onto a blank screen. He says this is because of emails close similarity to speech. “It’s like a circle of four or five people around a campfire,” he says.

    Still, he accepts that this new found freedom to express themselves often gets people into trouble. “Almost every day I get emails sent in a day exceeds the number of letters mailed in a year. But more people are recognizing the content of a typical email message is not often exact.”

67. From what Baron says in the third paragraph we can see that _____.

    A. careless people use more emails than careful people

    B. email requires people to change their native language

    C. professors in universities don’t need to use email

    D. people communicate by email full of mistakes

68. In Lancashire’s opinion, email is a wonderful technology because _____.

    A. it can be useful all over the world B. it is the fastest way to communicate

   C. we can express ourselves in a free way D. we can save a lot of paper

69. This passage mainly shows us that _____.

    A. people should stop using email to communicate

    B. experts hold different opinions about email

    C. Americans only use email to communicate

   D. email makes people lose interest in English

70. The underlined word “exceeds” probably means _____.

A. 落后 B. 超过 C. 优越于 D. 扼杀了


Each year, road accidents kill a million people and injure millions more. The economic costs are greatest for developing countries. Earlier this year, the United Nations called for a campaign to improve road safety.

One way to avoid accidents is better driving. Another is better roads and bridges. Engineers in the United States have designed ten new concrete mixtures that they think could make bridges last longer.

Professor Paul Tikalsky leads the experiments by a team at Pennsylvania State University. He says bridges made of concrete now last about twenty-five to thirty-five years. But he says the new mixtures might extend that to seventy-five or even one-hundred years.

Concrete is made of stone, sand, water and cement(水泥). The materials in the cement hold the concrete together. Ancient Romans built with concrete. Yet strengthened concrete bridges did not appear until the late eighteen hundred. People keep looking for new ways to improve concrete. Professor Tikalsky says it is one of the most complex of all chemical systems.

    The new mixtures designed by his team contain industrial waste products. He says these make the concrete better able to resist damage from water and salt over time. One of the products is fly ash This is released(排放)into the air as pollution when coal is burned.

    Professor Tikalsky says particles(颗粒) of fly ash are almost exactly the same size and chemical-structure as Portland cement. This is the most costly material in concrete. So using fly ash to replace some of it would save money.

    Over the next two years, engineers will study ten bridges in Pennsylvania. These were built from the different cement mixtures designed by Professor Tikalsky’s team. He says longer-lasting bridges could save the state more than thirty-five-million dollars a year. And he says the materials would be environmentally friendly.

The federal government is paying for part of the research. Engineers anywhere can use the technology. Professor Tikalsky says some of the ideas have already been put to use in China, the Philippines and other countries.

71. What does the underlined word “This” in the sixth paragraph refer to?

  A. Fly ash. B. Portland cement. C. Sand.  D. Chemical.

72. What does the passage mainly tell us?

   A. The causes of road accidents. 

B. The advantages of fly ash.

   C. The measures of avoiding road accidents.  

D. Latest information about long-life concrete bridges.

73. What can we conclude from the passage?

   A. Engineers have to pay a lot of money to use the new bridge technology.

   B. Pennsylvania State University is paying all the money for the research.

   C. Bridges built with fly ash are cheaper than common bridges.

   D. Fly ash is much more expensive than Portland cement.

74. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

   A. Ten new concrete bridges have already been built in the United States.

   B. A new concrete bridge could last 50 more years than an ordinary concrete one.

   C. People didn’t know how to build with cement until the late 1800s.

   D. Water and salt won’t do any damage to bridges over time.

75. The underlined words “environmentally friendly” mean _____ to the environment.

   A. favorable B. harmful C. generous D. dangerous






In my hometown there used to be a temple with a              76.__________

history of over eight hundred years. It lies in a   77. __________

valley with green hills around it. It was such beautiful 78. __________

and famous that many tourists came visit it every   79. __________

day. They took photo; they wrote down their names on 80. __________

the walls; they were brought food and drink and left rubbish 81. __________

everywhere. One day some tourists did a fire to cook 82. __________

food near the temple. All of sudden, a strong wind 83. __________

blew. The wooden temple caught fire. Soon the wholly   84. __________

temple was burned down and only a little walls remained. 85. __________

The beautiful temple disappeared.